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Knee Osteoarthiritis

Knee Osteoarthritis, also known as wear and tear arthritis, is the most common type of arthritis.

The ends of bones in your knee joints are normally capped in a layer of tough, smooth cartilage that cushions, lubricates and protects the ends of your bones. If the cartilage is worn down or damaged, the bones in your knee joint rub together, causing friction, leading to pain and stiffness. The wear and tear of the cartilage happens slowly and most often occurs during middle and older age.

Most people develop this condition after age 40. But other factors, such as injury or genetics, can cause it to happen earlier.

What are the signs and symptoms of Knee Osteoarthritis

The most common symptoms of Osteoarthritis includE
  • Joint swelling, warmth, or redness of the knee
  • Pain in the knees, especially when moving
  • Pain when weight is placed on the knee
  • Instability of the joint
  • Stiffness first thing in the morning or after resting.
  • Clicking or popping sound when the knee bends
  • Problems with the way you walk (gait)

Risk factors

  • Gender
    Women are more likely than men to develop Osteoarthritis of the knee
  • Age
    Osteoarthritis is an age-related condition. Most people develop this condition after age 40.
  • Family history
    Osteoarthritis tends to run in families
  • Diabetes
    Diabetes raises the risk of Osteoarthritis
  • Lifestyle
    Obesity and Jobs involving kneeling or squatting for more than an hour a day or lifting, climbing stairs, or walking increase the risk.

When to see a doctor

You should contact your doctor if your knee hurts for no reason or if your knee pain is worsening.

1. How is Osteoarthritis diagnosed?

Your doctor will diagnose Osteoarthritis with a physical exam and imaging tests such as X-rays, an MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) or a CT scan.
You might need blood tests to rule out other conditions or issues that cause similar symptoms.

2. What are the treatments for knee osteoarthritis?

There is no cure for Osteoarthritis of the knee, but there are several treatments that may help relieve the pain and disability it can cause.
Treatments include medicines, surgery and other procedures. The right option depends on things such as:
1. Your symptoms.
2. Your age.
3. Other health problems you might have
There are many types of surgeries and other procedures; however, after any type of surgery for arthritis of the knee, there is a period of recovery. Recovery time and rehabilitation depend on the type of surgery performed.

3.Is there a nonsurgical solution for reducing pain caused by Knee OA?
GAE is performed through a small puncture in the groin. The specialist will insert a small catheter (a thin hollow tube) into the artery of the patient’s upper thigh and, using X-rays, guide the catheter to the arteries supplying the lining of the knee. Tiny particles are injected through the catheter into these arteries, reducing the blood supply. This, in turn, reduces the inflammation associated with Osteoarthritis, which reduces the pain.
The procedure generally takes between 45 and 90 minutes, and the patient can go home the same day. GAE blocks the blood flow in the inflamed areas around the knee.

GAE Benefits

  • Performed under local
  • Anaesthetic
  • The procedure usually lasts between one and four hours.
  • Day Care Procedure
  • Shorter recovery time
  • Decreased discomfort
  • The Patient can return to work and normal activities in less than two weeks.

4. How Do I Know If A Geniculate Artery Embolization (GAE) Procedure Is Right For Me?
This nonsurgical treatment is for patients

  • Age: 40-80 years
  • Moderate to severe knee pain
  • No bony deformity/sclerosis
  • Local knee tenderness
  • Conservative treatment, such as medicines and physiotherapy, have not helped

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